This article reviews the literature concerning the impact of exposure to domestic violence on the health and developmental well-being of children and young people.
Impact is explored across four separate yet inter-related domains (domestic violence exposure and child abuse; impact on parental capacity; impact on child and adolescent development; and exposure to additional adversities), with potential outcomes and key messages concerning best practice responses to children's needs highlighted.
No significant differences were found between the groups concerning the maintenance of either liberal or traditional sex role attitudes.
A chi-square analysis indicated that higher frequencies of both child abuse and marital violence were found in the abuse group than in the nonabuse group.
These factors could be grouped into four broad categories: When examined together, risk factors that could be changed (e.g., having delinquent peers) related more strongly to dating violence than risk factors that could not be changed (e.g., exposure to maltreatment in childhood).
Until recently the study of premarital abuse has received relatively little attention from researchers.
Those studies which have been concerned with this phenomenon reveal that approximately 22% of their college samples reported involvement in abusive dating relationships, indicating that there is a need for further study in this area.
Researchers seek to identify the risk factors indicating an increased likelihood for dating violence and the protective factors that buffer against dating violence.
Risk factors and protective factors can be found across multiple contexts or domains, including factors specific to an individual, peer group or social group, relationship, or community/environment.